About IPPA

IPPA Constitution

As adopted in Jerusalem in September 1978 and amended in September 1984 at Miami Beach, in September 1990 in Buenos Aires, in October 1998 in Nice, in October 2006 in Montreal, in October 2008 in Athens and in September 2016 in Cologne

Last updated 26th September 2016




2.1 The primary objective of the association is to facilitate an increase in knowledge of diseases of the embryo, fetus, neonate and child throughout the world, and its application to the health needs of all countries. This will be carried out through:

2.1.1 Facilitating contact between any persons or groups already working with our objectives.

2.1.2 Assisting any such group of persons with the aid of speakers or educational and scientific material.

2.1.3 Organizing conferences or teaching programs in conjunction with any organization anywhere in the world or, if necessary, organizing such activities independently.

2.1.4 Making any publications, either in combination with other organizations or independently, as may be needed.


3.1 Membership:

3.1.1 Membership is open to any person with a major pathology and/or medical laboratory interest in diseases of the embryo, fetus, neonate or child.

3.1.2 Membership can be direct, on an affiliated basis, or indirect through membership of a local society affiliated to this association. Affiliated Societies paying capitation fees are designated as Constituent Societies by Council. No application for direct membership will be considered for any person working in any area where a Constituent Society exists.

3.1.3 Where a regional Constituent Society has a mechanism for creating emeritus, retired or honorary membership, such members will have similar membership of these associations at the discretion of the Council.

3.1.4 Direct and indirect members will have equal voting and other rights. (Direct members will be notified of the Association’s activities personally, whereas indirect members will be notified through the organizing of their local constituent paediatric pathology society.)

3.1.5 Direct membership of the Association is open to any person by written nomination of any two members. Nominations will be scrutinized by the Council and submitted to a general meeting.

3.2 Administration, Officers, and Transaction of Business:

3.2.1 The Association shall have a Council consisting of:

  • a) Officers
  • b) Representatives of Constituent Societies
  • c) Up to eight ordinary elected members who hold office for four years and may only be re-elected after an interval of two years.

3.2.2 The officers of the Association will be as follows:

  • a) President, who holds office for two years and presides over public, general and business meetings of the Association. The president is not eligible for re-election to the same office. It is the role of the president to uphold the good name of the Association, to negotiate with other organizations and to guide the Council in matters of policy.
  • b) Chairman of Council (also referred to as Secretary/Chairman), who holds office for six years, presides over meetings of the Council and as the leader of the Council has the role of coordinating the various working activities of the Association and in bringing about equitable representation and participation by the Constituent Societies and their representatives. He/she also serves as the central coordinator of all activities for the Association and communicates with the officers of Constituent Societies. The Chairman of Council shall submit a report to members at least once every two years. The Chairman is not eligible for re-election to this office.
  • c) Treasurer, who holds office for six years, is responsible for collecting and administering the funds of the Association. He/she will submit a biennial budget and make a report on the financial status of the Association to Council and the members of the Association. The treasurer is not eligible for immediate re-election to the same office.
  • d) President-elect will hold office for two years preceding his/her assumption of the office of president.
  • e) Past President will continue to hold office as a member of Council for two years after ceasing to be president.
  • f) Chairman-elect will hold office for two years preceding his/her assumption of the office of Chairman.

3.2.3 Two representatives of the Constituent Societies will be elected and serve for periods on the Council as their Constituent Society may determine. It is, however, deemed appropriate that the secretary of a Constituent Society should whenever practical be one of the two representatives of that society. The names of these representatives must be conveyed to the Chairman of the Council at least two months before a biennial meeting and whenever a change is made by the Society.

3.2.4 The additional ordinary members should be elected at a biennial general business meeting to give as wide a geographic distribution and of interests as possible on the Council.

3.2.5 The Council may appoint Boards of Committees with assistant secretaries and/or Conveners (who need not be members of Council) for specific purposes (such as liaison with other organizations, to arrange meetings or to perform specific administrative or investigative tasks) as may be deemed appropriate for a duration of no more than four years, after which reappointment by Council for another four year term is permitted. The election of secretaries to liaise with other organizations should be done after consultation with officers of that organization. Examples of such boards and/or committees are: Publications Board and Committee for Advanced Courses.

3.2.6 The IPPA Course Committee is a permanent committee of the IPPA Council, whose function is to oversee the running of the Course and appoint the Course Director. The Director is accountable to the IPPA Course Committee. The committee consists of the following members:

  • IPPA Course Director (5 years)
  • IPPA Past President (term of office)
  • IPPA President-Elect (term of office)
  • IPPA Resident Tutor (5 years)
  • IPPA Director of Educational Technology (5 years)
  • IPPA Chairman of Council (term of office): Chair of the committee
  • IPPA Treasurer (term of office)
  • Representative of IPPA graduates (4 years)
  • IPPA President (term of office)

3.2.3 Two representatives of the Constituent Societies will be elected and serve for periods on the Council as their Constituent Society may determine. It is, however, deemed appropriate that the secretary of a Constituent Society should whenever practical be one of the two representatives of that society. The names of these representatives must be conveyed to the Chairman of the Council at least two months before a biennial meeting and whenever a change is made by the Society.

3.2.8 Council shall meet at least once in every two years.

3.2.9 Extra-ordinary meetings of Council may be called by the chairman at any time at the written request of four members of Council.

3.2.10 There will be an Executive Committee of five members consisting of President, Past-President, Chairman of Council, Treasurer and President- Elect to deal with such business as may arise from time to time and which cannot be deferred until the next meeting of Council.

3.2.11 Officers and Council members may not receive a salary from the Association.


4.1 The offices of President, Chairman of Council, and Treasurer are to be elected by those members attending a biennial public business meeting, after receiving the nomination from the Nominations Committee. The Nominations Committee is to consist of the President of the Association and the President (or representative) of each of the other affiliated societies.

4.2 The members who attend the biennial public business meeting, however, may elect a person other than the choice of the Nominations Committee.

4.3 Officers and additional members of Council will be elected by a simple majority at the biennial public business meeting. In the event of a voting deadlock the President (or Chair of the meeting) will have the deciding vote.


5.1 For public business meetings of the Association, eight members will constitute a quorum.

5.2 For meetings of Council, four members will constitute a quorum provided that the affiliation of those councilors present covers more than one Constituent Society and that at least one member present is an Executive Officer (Chairman of Council, President, or Treasurer).

5.3 For meetings of the Executive Committee, three members will constitute a quorum. If there is any business which requires a vote to be taken, it is expected that the views of all other members of the Executive Committee will be obtained by electronic means (telephone, teleconference, facsimile or E-mail, whichever is most appropriate).

5.4 In emergency circumstances, and only with the agreement of all members of the Executive Committee, the Chairman of Council may seek the views of members of the Executive Committee by electronic means to determine a response to any matter where a physical meeting is unable to be achieved.


6.1 The Council recommends subscription rates for direct and indirect membership to a general meeting. Changes in these rates require a simple majority approval at a general business meeting.


7.1 A general meeting may be called at any time but at least every two years and, unless otherwise specified, will take place at the time of the biennial meeting of the International Academy of Pathology.


8.1 The Association may invite to honorary fellowship up to twelve living persons who have made major contributions to paediatric pathology.


9.1 The general business of the Association will be conducted in English. Individual meetings may be held in other languages at the discretion of the President.


10.1 Changes to the constitution can be made on the recommendation of the Council by a majority vote at a designated general meeting, the proposed changes having previously been communicated to the direct members and secretaries of linked societies two months prior to the general meeting.


11.1 If at any time the Association ceases to function and does not hold a meeting for five years, any assets that the Association may hold will be presented to the World Health Organization.

Last updated 26th September 2016

History Of The International Paediatric Pathology Association (IPPA)

Written by John L Emery, 1984 and up-dated by Marta C Cohen, 2018


1955 - The Paediatric Pathology Club formed with Agnes Magregor (the first Honorary Fellow of the International P.P.A.) as President, and J.L.Emery as Secretary/General. The first meeting taking place in Edinburgh.

Membership was world-wide; Foundation members included Jim Arey - Philadelphia, Bill Donohue - Toronto, David McKenzie - Cape Town, Doug Rye - Sydney, and Dorothy Anderson -New York.

 (The name of the Paediatric Pathology Club was soon changed to the Paediatric Pathology Society because the Scottish Tax Offices would not allow deductions for any 'Club' activity!)

1957 - At the International Paediatric Meeting in Copenhagen, Sidney Farber of Boston called a meeting proposing the formation of a Paediatric Pathology Association with the possibility of meeting alternatively in Europe and in the U.S.A.  It was felt that this was not practicable and that a separate group should be formed in North America.  From this time the P.P.S. ceased to add American members and the American Paediatric Pathology Club was formed.  Later P.P. groups were formed in Scandinavia, Australia, New Zealand and The Netherlands.

1972/74 - Daria Haust of London, Ontario, felt the need to strengthen international paediatric pathology and organised a joint meeting of paediatric pathologists in association with an International Academy of Pathology meeting in Hamburg, 1974.

In Hamburg there was general agreement to form an international group to take part in international pathology meetings in association with the International Academy of Pathology and other societies. Daria Haust organised several other sessions at the Congress in Washington.

1976 - At the International Academy of Pathology meeting in Washington, a general meeting of international paediatric pathologists took place and the International Paediatric Pathology Association was formed. A steering committee and officers were elected, and Daria Haust became Secretary/General and J.L. Emery, Chairman.

At a meeting of the provisional committee, the chairman, J.L. Emery, the Secretary/General, Daria Haust and Christian Nezelof were appointed as a Steering Committee to draw up a constitution for ratification at the next meeting of the I.A.P. in Jerusalem.

1978 - In Jerusalem, a constitution was presented to the members present and passed. The meeting was chaired by Prof J L Emery, and it took place on 13 September 1978 at the Jerusalem Hilton Hotel.
The first formal officers of the International Paediatric Pathology Association (IPPA.) were:

PresidentChristian Nezelof (Paris)
Vice Presidents David McKenzie (Cape Town)
Alan Williams (Melbourne)
and Ben Landing (California)
Secretary/GeneralDaria Haust (Canada)
Treasurer Jeremy Cox (Geneva)
Chairman of CouncilJohn L. Emery (U.K.)

(In the absence of Daria Haust, Molly Valdes-Dapena acted as Secretary at that meeting).

Eight council members were appointed.

Discussion took place with the IAP and it was agreed that the IPPA would nominate a member, after discussion with the IAP, to help organise paediatric sessions at each subsequent meeting of the IAP
The constitution of  International Paediatric Pathology Association adopted  in  Jerusalem was rectified  in  September  1978  and  amended  in  September  1984  at  Miami  Beach  and  again  in September 1990 in Buenos  Aires, in 1998 in Nice, in September 2006 in Montreal.


The history of the IPPA since 1978 has involved three major activities:

  1. The participation of many members at international pathology and paediatric meetings through the energetic activities of Daria Haust.
  2. The organisation of annual advanced courses of training in paediatric pathology centred in Europe, organised by the Chairman of Council and Jonne Huber.
  3. In 1983, the acceptance of the constitution of the IPPA by the three main constituent organisations, the European Paediatric Patholoy Society ( PPS), the American Society for Padiatric Pathology (SPP), and the Australian and New Zealand Paediatric pathology Group (ANZPPG), making all members of these societies automatic members of the IPPA


IPPA Life Fellows

Information supplied by Roc Kaschula 4/11/04 regarding his memory of IPPA Life Fellows.

1.  Edith Potter – presumed inaugural meeting Washington -
2.  Agnes McGregor – Jerusalem 1978 -
3.  J Edgar Morrison - Jerusalem 1978 -
4.  Ben Landing – presumed Paris 1980 -
5.  Gordon Vawter – presumed Paris 1980 -
6.  William Donohue - Hamburg 1983 -
7.  David McKenzie - Hamburg 1983 -
8.  James Arey - Miami 1984 -
9.  Alan Williams - Miami 1984 -
10.  Albert Claireaux - Miami 1984 -
11.  William Blanc – Vienna 1986 -
12.  John Emery - Vienna 1986 -
13.  Christian Nezelof - Vienna 1986 -
14.  George Fetterman - Vienna 1986 -
15.  M Daria Haust  - Dublin 1988 -
16.  Jonne Huber – Madrid 1992 -
17.  Enid Gilbert-Barness – Budapest 1996 -
18.  Roc Kaschula – Budapest 1996 –
19.  J Bruce Beckwith – Montreal 2006 -

Updated 5 March 2007 from minutes of meetings, but minutes of inaugural meeting Washington 1976 and Paris 1980 not available. Fellows 1-14 were documented in the minutes of the meeting held in Vienna in 1986.

IPPA Council Members

IPPA Officers & Council Members

President: Miguel Reyes Múgica (US)
2018 - 2020
President-Elect: Rita Alaggio (US)
2020 - 2022
Past President: Jane Dahlstrom (Australia)
2016 - 2018
Secretary: Sarangarajan Ranganathan (US)
2018 - 2024
Treasurer: Bruce Pawel (US)
2016 - 2020




This content is restricted to IPPA Council Members & Graduates.


IPPA General & Council Meeting Documents

This content is restricted to IPPA Council Members & Graduates.


Past IPPA Presidents & IPPA Course Directors

This content is restricted to IPPA Council Members & Graduates.